Utilization of Information and Communication techNology (ICT) for Effective Teaching in Colleges of Education in Cross River State

Filed in Articles by on September 4, 2020

Utilization of Information and Communication techNology (ICT) for Effective Teaching in Colleges of Education in Cross River State.


The study was designed to determine the extent of  ICT facilities utilization  by lecturers and enhancement of effective teaching in Colleges of  Education in Cross River State.

Specifically, the study was designed to determine the extent of ICT facilities availability, accessibility, requisite skills of lecturers, how often lecturers utilize ICT facilities and how they on the utilization of these facilities in enhancing effective teaching.

The study was guided by 5 research questions and 5 null hypotheses. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study and because of the size the entire population was studied. Utilization of ICT Facilities for Effective Teaching Questionnaire (UICTFETQ) was the instrument used for data collection.

The  instrument was validated by four experts and the overall reliability coefficient of 0.771 was obtained. The data collected from the five research questions of the study were analyzed using the mean and standard deviation. A one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses 1-4.

The  independent t-test was used to test hypothesis 5. The data analysis revealed that, the availability and accessibility of ICT facilities in enhancing effective teaching is to a very low extent, the extent to which lecturers possess the requisite skills of ICT facilities utilization is to a low extent.

That lecturers in the Colleges very seldom utilize ICT facilities and that the extent to which lecturers in public and private colleges differ on the utilization of ICT facilities in enhancing effective teaching is to a low extent.

It was recommended that, Government and other agencies should ensure the supply of ICT facilities and lecturers be allowed access to the available ICT  facilities. Training programmes on ICT utilization should be organized for lecturers regularly.


Title Page                              i

Approval Page                        ii

Certification                  iii

Dedication                                                   iv

Acknowledgements                      v

Table of Content                          vi

List of Tables                          viii

Abstract                                           ix


Background of the Study                                                                                1

Statement of the Problem                                                                               7

Purpose of the Study                                                                                       9

Significance of the Study                                                                               10

Research Questions                                                                                         12

Hypotheses                                                                                                       13

Scope of the Study                                                                                           14


Conceptual Framework                                                                                   15

The Concept of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)     15

The Concept of Effective Teaching       21

Availability of ICT Facilities for Lecturers Utilization in Enhancing Effective Teaching      23

Accessibility of ICT Facilities for Lecturers Utilization in Enhancing Effective Teaching   26

Requisite Skills of Lecturers on ICT Facilities Utilization in Enhancing Effective Teaching   28

Utilization of ICT for Effective Teaching                                                    32

Theoretical Framework                                                                                   48

Information Theory                                                                                         48

Communication Theory                                                                                  51

Media Richness Theory                                                                                  53

Empirical Studies                                                                                             54

Summary of Literature Review                                                                     63


Design of the Study                                                                                         65

Area of the Study                                                                                             65

Population of the Study                                                                                  66

Sample and Sampling Technique                                                                  67

Instrument for Data Collection                                                                      67

Validation of the Instrument                                                                          69

Reliability of the Instrument                                                                          70

Procedure for Data Collection                                                                       70

Method of Data Analysis                                                                                71


Summary of Findings                                                                                      95


Discussion of Findings                               99

Conclusion                                                                        106

Implications of the Study                             107

Recommendations                                                        109

Limitation of the Study                              110

Suggestion for Further Study                             111

REFERENCES                      112

APPENDICES                        123


1.1 Background of the Study

Information and communication technology (ICT) is already vital tool in the successful development of education. Therefore, teaching and learning in the emerging societies require effective utilization of ICT to facilitate instructional delivery.

Information and Communication Technology has therefore  become  a   critical   tool  for  professional   training   of   teachers.

It facilitates teacher training for an improved educational system. Consequently, the sooner teachers and students alike understand how to use ICT facilities, the earlier they would appreciate its importance in realizing their teaching and learning objectives.

Recently, the Federal Government contended that computer knowledge would be a requirement for teacher employment, interviews and in some cases promotions. (Ikenga, Akiti and Onyemah, 2009).

The utilization of ICT facilities in teaching and learning will immensely enhance the quality of instruction in Colleges of Education. However, availability, accessibility and requisite skills of lecturers in ICT facilities may affect utilization.


Achigumu, P., Oluwagbemi, O., & Oluwaranti, A. (2010). An evaluation of the impact of ICT diffusion in Nigeria’s Higher educational institutions. Journal of Information Technology Impact, 10 (1)25-34

Adamu, A. U (2006). Information and Communication Technologies: A Challenge of Educational Development in Africa in African Convention of Principals. Paper presented at the African Convention  of Principals Confederation at the International Conference Centre, Abuja, Nigeria.

Adebayo, E. L. and Adesope, O.M.(2007). Awareness, Access and Usage of Information and Communication Technologies between female Researchers and Extensionists. International Journal of Education and Development Using Information and Communication Technology (IJEDICT) 3(1) 85-93

Adeyemi, T. O. and Olaleye, F. O. (2010). Information and Communication Technology (ICT) for the Effective Management of Secondary Schools for Sustainable Development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Erusian Journal of Scientific Research. 5(2) 106-113.

Adeyomo, A.S (2010). The Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) on Teaching and Learning of Physics. International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, 1 (2)48-59. Retrieved10/9/2011. from http://www.soeagra.com

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