Ads: Get Admission into 200 Level and Study any Course in any University of Your Choice. Low Fees | No JAMB UTME. Call 09038456231

Competency Improvement Needs of Farmers in Soil Conservation in Kogi State

ADS! Obtain Up to N300,000 Cash in the 2020 Aspire Contest

Competency Improvement Needs of Farmers in Soil Conservation in Kogi State.

ABSTRACT

The study focused on the identification of competency improvement needs of farmers in soil conservation practices in Kogi State.

Seven research questions were developed and answered in line with what the study sought to find out.  Six null hypotheses were formulated and tested at the probability of 0.05 level of significance and 532 degrees of freedom.

The study made use of survey research design.  A questionnaire was developed from the review of related literature and used for collecting data for the study.

The questionnaire was face-validated by three experts and tested for reliability using Cronbach’s alpha method with a coefficient of 0.91.

The questionnaire was used to collect data from five hundred and forty (540) respondents made up of three hundred and thirty (330) Registered Crop Farmers and two hundred and ten (210) Agricultural Extension Agents.

The data collected for the study were analyzed using weighted mean, standard deviation and Improvement Needed Index (INI) to answer the research questions and t-test statistic was used to test the null hypotheses of no significant difference.

The findings of the study indicated that six (6) modules and their corresponding 316 competencies were needed by farmers for soil conservation practices.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page               i

Approval Page          ii

Certification          iii

Dedication      iv

Acknowledgement      v

Table of Contents       vi

Abstract      viii

CHAPTER 1:  INTRODUCTION 

1.1     Background to the Problem              1

1.2     Statement of the Problem …  4

1.3     Objectives of the Study    …    6

1.4     Significance of the Study  …     7

1.5     Scope and Limitations of the Study       8

CHAPTER 2:  LITERATURE REVIEW AND METHODOLOG

2.1     Literature Review               9

2.1.1  Public Sector Employment in Nigeria     10

2.1.2  Actors in Public Sector Labour Relations in Nigeria       14

2.1.3  Rights and Institutional Structures for the Enforcement of the Rights of the Parties      20

2.2     Hypotheses …      32

2.3     Operationalization of Key Concepts          32

2.4     Methodology …       34

2.4.1  Research Design         34

2.4.2  Population of Study        34

2.4.3  Sample and Sampling Techniques      35

2.4.4  Instruments of Data Collection          35

2.4.5  Validation of the Instruments         35

2.4.6  Reliability of the Instruments    35

2.4.7  Method of Data Collection …      35

2.4.8  Methods of Data Analysis        36

2.5     Theoretical Framework      36

CHAPTER 3:  BACKGROUND INFORMATION ON THE AREA OF STUDY    

3.1     Background Information on Enugu State of Nigeria …              42

3.2     Politics of Public Sector Recruitment in Enugu State …            46

3.3     Conflicts and Conflict Resolution in Enugu State Public

Sector Labour Relations              54

CHAPTER 4:  DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS

4.1     Data Analysis/Findings         71

4.2     Discussion of the Findings           73

CHAPTER 5:  SUMMARY, CONCLUSION, RESEARCH FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS   

  • Summary …                75
  • Conclusion …       77
  • Recommendations …        78

BIBLIOGRAPHY    80

APPENDICES        83

INTRODUCTION

Industrial relations is concerned with the study of the interactive relationship among the three principal actors in a work environment.

The actors are the management, labour and the government and their respective organizations and agencies  Dunlop (1971) posited that industrial relations is concerned with the workers and their organizations, managers (representing the employers) and their organizations and the governmental agencies concerned with the workplace and work community.

The interactions lead to the establishment of rules governing their relationships.  Hence the focus of industrial relations generally and the public sector labour relations in particular is on the collaborative determination of the terms of the contract of employment, rights of the parties, interpretation, review and procedures for conflict resolution in the workplace.

It includes the roles of the government which must, of necessity, intervene in the overall interest of the contracting parties and the general public.

In the public sector, government is the sole employer.  It does this directly or through its agencies.  In this respect, the government exercises its executive, legislature and judicial sovereign powers to impact on labour/management relations.

Elekwa (1991) puts the point more vividly thus “;;; in the public sector, the government defines itself as the superior through the use of sovereign doctrine.  The management of industrial relations in the public sector is complex because the government plays the dual roles of an employer and a conciliator”.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Achief, Chukwudi (1997). “A Dream Betrayed”. The Source Magazine, Vol. No. Lagos: Summit Publications Ltd.

Aderemi, Justice (2003). “Aminu Musa and Others versus Commissioner of Police”. Federal Reporter, Ibadan: Funmi Quadiri & Co.

Adigwe, Francis (1978). Essentials of Government for West Africa, Ibadan: Oxford University Press.

Aguolu, S.I.O. (1981). The Prerogative Writs and Orders Under the Nigerian Law and Constitution, Enugu: Star Publishing and Printing Company Ltd.

Akaweh, Takura (1994). Introduction to Social Science Research Method, Bariga: Abdul Printer & Co.

Amadi, G.O.S. (2002). Jurisprudence of Trade Union Status, Nsukka: Afro-Orbis Publications Ltd.

Chukwudozie, C.N. (1991). Introduction to Human Rights and Social Justice, Onitsha: Cape Publishers International Ltd.

Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999). Lagos: Federal Government Printers.

Dunlop, John T. (1971). Industrial Relations System, Carbondale: South Illions University Press.

Eboh, Eric C. (1978). Social and Economic Research, Principles and Methods, Lagos: Academic Publications and Development Resources Ltd.

Elekwa, N.N. (1996). “The Concept of Performance in the Public Sector”. Nigerian Journal of Public Administration and Local Government Vol. 7 No. 1, Nsukka: Department of Public Administration and Local Government, U.N.N.

Eze, Ayogu (ed.) (1991). “Acceptance Speech”. Selected Speeches by Dr. Okwesilieze Nwodo. Enugu: Government House.

Ezea, K. (1997). (1997). “Enugu and the Politics of Dichotomy”. The Sunday Newspaper.

 

Enter your email address:

Delivered by TMLT NIGERIA

Join Over 3,500 000+ Readers Online Now!


=> FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM | FACEBOOK & TWITTER FOR LATEST UPDATES

ADS: KNOCK-OFF DIABETES IN JUST 60 DAYS! - ORDER YOURS HERE

COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: , , , , , ,

Comments are closed.