Postgraduate Grading System in Nigeria 2020 | Latest Update
Postgraduate Grading System in Nigeria – Do you want all the information on postgraduate grading system? then you’re in the right place , but Before we proceed, it should be noted that postgraduate degrees are given totally different grading system from the undergraduate degree. By this am saying it’s not all about score in but the final certificate.
The postgraduate examination scores grade still remains the same in practically all Nigerian universities.
A score higher the 70 is an ‘A’. 60-69 is ‘B’, 50-59 is ‘C’, 45-49 is ‘D’, 40-44 is ‘E’ and lastly, any score below 40 is a ‘F’. These grades also carry points. These examination scores are used to calculate a cumulative grade point, using the weighted average of the course unit.
Undergraduate Grading System: All you Need to Know
From first year to final year of undergraduate study, the examination grades are used to calculate a cumulative grade point average (CGPA). The CGPA is calculated using the weighted unit of the courses and project done by the student. At the end, a student has a CGPA score. All universities adopts a 5 point CGPA.
A student, for example can graduate with a 3.5/5.0. The final grade shows a class of degree.
– First class degree (1.1) is 4.5-5.0, which is cumulative minimum of 90% in all examination grades.
– Second class upper (2.1) degree begins from 3.5-4.49/5.0. That means a student in this certificate grade has cumulative minimum of 70% in all examination grades.
– Second class lower (2.2) degree is between 2.5-3.49/50. At least, 50% of all cumulative scores
– Third class degree is between 1.5 and 2.49. The pass degree has been scrapped. Take note of the difference between examination grade and certificate grade.
At postgraduate level, that is Postgraduate diploma, Masters, M.phil and PhD, there is no precise grading system on the final certificate. Just like in the professional degrees, everyone who graduates is deemed to have passed. But a special class of exceptional postgraduate students is awarded with a distinction.
Typically, there is not first class, second class degree specification for postgraduate certificate. However, the CGPA of postgraduate students are still counted . As a matter of fact, most postgraduate students still call their result based on the undergraduate class, after calculation of CGPA. Such is not certified or known.
What is the Implication of Postgraduate Degree Grading?
The system of grading postgraduate degree (master, M.phil, PhD) does not in any way affect the chase of excellence. At postgraduate level, it is of necessity needed that the students are grown and know what they want out of school. The class or postgraduate grade is not written on the certificate, so the academic performance won’t really matter, when the certificate is presented.
To chase further studies like PhD, Post-doctoral and for opportunities like scholarships and grants, the postgraduate transcript is often requested. On the transcript, the true picture of academic performance is revealed.
In Nigerian universities, to be admitted for a PhD, a student must have a CGPA of 3.5 and above. In some competitive universities like University of Ibadan, University of Nigeria etc, a CGPA of 4.0 is the minimum for PhD admission.
So while the class of postgraduate degree is not given prominence, it is still important to graduate with a good grade to get the opportunities that abound.
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