The Need for Efficient Supply Management in the Public Sector

Filed in Articles by on July 14, 2022

The Need for Efficient Supply Management in the Public Sector.


The research project concerned the need for efficient supplies management in the public sector with special reference to the ministry of finance Owerri, Imo State. This commences with the introduction, the background of the study, stating the origins, mode of supplies are being carried out.

Chapter two highlights the literature review both related and unrelated that help in the work. Chapter three was how the data are being collected, it highlights the sources of data collection.

In chapter four, the work focuses on the discussion of findings made with a view to highlighting a sound basis for some possible solutionss. While chapter four is the climax of the research study.

The summary, conclusion, and recommendation which if adhered, will help in the need for efficient supplies management by using someone with professional qualifications.


Title page                              i

Approval page                      ii

Dedication                            iii

Acknowledgment                iv

Abstract                                  v

Table of content                 vi-viii


1.1   General overview   1-4

1.2   Statement of the problem      5

1.3   Objectives of the study       5

  • Significant of the study 6
  • Research questions 6
  • Hypothesis 7
  • Scope of the study 8
  • Limitations of the study 8
  • Operational definition of terms 9-11


  • Historical background 12-13
  • The need for efficient supply management 14
  • The role of public supply 15
    • Different between public & private sector 16
    • Characteristics of public supply / purpose 17-20
    • Improving the system 21
  • Supply regulation 22-25
  • Tender and tendering 26
  • Specification in public / private sector 27-28
  • Purchase of stores in the public sector 29
    • General procedure 29-31
    • Local purchase of manufactured goods 32
    • Conditions for approval 32
    • Oversea purchase 33
  • Determination of quality 34-35
    • The need for quality control 36
    • Quality control unit 37
    • Objective of quality control 37
    • Establishment of quality 38
    • Rejection of stock 38
  • Importance of supplies functions 39
  • Determination of price 40

2.11 Supplying of ordered goods      41-42


3.1   Introduction        43-44

  • Research design 45
  • Questionnaire design 46
  • Population / sample size 47-49
    • Primary data 50
    • Secondary data 51
  • Data collection technique 52
    • The survey 52
    • Observation 53
  • Method of data collection 54-55


  • Data presentation 56
  • Analysis of finding 56-72
  • Test of hypothesis 73-77
  • Discussion of major findings 78-79


  • Summary 80
  • Conclusion 81
  • Recommendation 82-83

Bibliography           84


In every organization public and private sectors, no matter how small they are, management will not like to lose a huge sum of money due to ineffective supply management.

Therefore, the need for efficient supplies management functions in the public sector (e.g.) the ministry of finance Imo State is aimed at identifying the importance and impact of supplies functions in the overall performance of the public supplies management.

Public supplies management are basically the same as the industrial supplies and materials management. It is a system of materials management associated mainly with governmental agencies (i.e.) federal, state, local government, municipal councils, public school system, public libraries, colleges and universities, health institutions and various government commissions.

It covers also the materials management functions as practices in intergovernmental parastatals or extra ministerial departments including various board authorities and public Corporations e.g. Power Holdings, NNPC, Nigeria Airways, Railways Corporations, water boards, port authority, River Basin Development Authorities, KASCO etc.

The fund spent by public supplies officers that is those officers who manage the government and supplies functions for government and agencies at all levels deserve the same attention as Naria spent in industrial purchases. Since the source of these funds is the taxpayer.

If public purchasing funds are spent effectively and efficiently benefit will accrue to all those people who pay for and obtain the benefit from the services provided by the government.


Asuju Giwa E. O. (1983): Principles and Practice of Purchasing. Kaduna: Gbabaks Associate Publisher.
Center, R.J. (1982): Stores Management and Related Operations.
Lee and Dobler W.D. (1977): Purchasing and Materials Management (Text and Cases). New York; Mc Graw Hill Publishing Company Ltd.
Oko O. Obasi and Unamba, U.M (1989): A Research Handbook Owerri: Newman Service Nig.
Oyeoku, K.O (2001): Principle and Practice of Purchasing Owerri Bon Publishers.
Uzor A.M (2006): Practical Stores Management Owerri Bon Publishers.
Zenz, G.J. (1994): Purchasing and Management of Materials 7th Ed. USA John Wiley and Sons Inc.

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