Assessment of Factors Influencing Use of Climate Change Adaptation Practices by Rice Farmers in North-West Nigeria
Assessment of Factors Influencing Use of Climate Change Adaptation Practices by Rice Farmers in North-West Nigeria.
Researches on adaptation-climate change interaction have been conducted mainly in the southern parts of Nigeria with relatively few in North-East and North-Central and seldom, if any, in the North-West.
This study, covering three States in the North-West, therefore, will bridge the existing gap in knowledge on climate change adaptation information in Nigeria. It assessed the factors influencing the use of climate change adaptation practices among rice farmers in Kebbi, Sokoto and Zamfara States of North-West Nigeria.
This study specifically assessed the perceived effects of climate change on rice production among the farmers, examined the rice farmers‘ attitude to use of climate change adaptation practices in the study area, determined the factors influencing the use of climate change adaptation practices among rice farmers, and identified and described the constraints to the use of climate change adaptation practices by rice farmers among others.
Data were collected from a sample of 522 farmers randomly selected in a multistage sampling procedure.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page Title Page i
TABLE OF CONTENTS x
LIST OF TABLES xvii
LIST OF FIGURES xix
CHAPTER ONE 1
1.1 Background to the Study 1
1.2 Problem Statement 3
1.3 Objectives of the Study 7
1.4 Hypotheses of the Study 7
1.5 Justification of the Study 8
CHAPTER TWO 11
LITERATURE REVIEW 11
2.1 Rice Production in Nigeria 11
2.2 Rice Production Policies in Nigeria 15
CHAPTER THREE 56
THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 56
CHAPTER FOUR 70
4.1 The Study Area 70
4.1.1 Kebbi State 72
4.1.2 Sokoto State 74
4.1.3 Zamfara State 75
CHAPTER FIVE 91
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 91
5.1 Socio-economic Characteristics of the Respondents 91
5.1.1 Age of the respondents 91
5.1.2 Sex of the rice respondents 94
5.1.3 Marital status 94
5.1.4 Household size 95
5.1.5 Major occupation 96
5.1.6 Minor occupation 96
Background to the Study
Climate change is one of the biggest environmental, social and economic threats that the world is experiencing (Mendelsohn et al., 2006). It is a threat to the fight against hunger, malnutrition, disease and poverty in Africa and Nigeria in particular, mainly through its impact on agricultural productivity.
Agriculture, upon which society depends for the food, feed, and fibre that enable sustainable livelihoods, is one of the sectors that is most vulnerable to shifts in climate (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC], 2007; National Research Council [NRC], 2010).
Climate change is said to exist when the level of climatic deviation from the normal is very significant over a long period of time (preferably centuries) and such deviations have clear and permanent impacts on the ecosystem (Odjugo, 2009).
A drastic change in the climate systems either due to natural forces or unsustainable human activities results in climate change. The latter is regarded as the basic cause of on-going climate change and the advanced countries are most responsible (DeWeerdt, 2007).
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