Assessment of Parking in Commercial Zones of Wuse Ii District, Abuja : Current School News

Assessment of Parking in Commercial Zones of Wuse Ii District, Federal Capital City (Fcc), Abuja

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Assessment of Parking in Commercial Zones of Wuse Ii District, Federal Capital City (Fcc), Abuja 

INTRODUCTION  

The viability of any urban activity system is dependent upon interactions of transport systems and infrastructure. In this regard, the transport system provides two fundamental functions:

Movement of persons and goods, and provision of access to land-based activities. Transport services are therefore not demanded and utilized for their sake but are derived from the desire to use other services,

thus making transport complementary to or a derived demand arising from the use of other services in an urban area (Ogar, 2009).

With the rapid growth of vehicular traffic in recent years, the planning of the city has been faced with a number of new problems.

Old streets have to be widened in order to accommodate the increasing number of cars. New streets and highways have to be constructed to enable the cars develop full speed’ (Walter, 1940, Pg.464-467).

Meanwhile, all these extensive activities in the widening and highway construction have proved not to be enough to relieve traffic congestion or to improve traffic flow along the main thoroughfares within the city at large. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page- – – – – – – – – – – – i
Declaration – – – – – – – – – – – ii
Certification – – – – – – – – – – – – iii
Acknowledgements – – – – – – – – – – iv
Dedication- – – – – – – – – – – – v
Abstract – – – – – – – – – – – vi
Table of Contents- – – – – – – – – – – vii
List of Tables– – – – – – – – – – – xi
List of Figures- – – – – – – – – – – xii
List of Plates – – – – – – – – – – – xiii

CHAPTER ONE: BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
1.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Statement of Research Problem – – – – – – – 2
1.3 Research Questions – – – – – – – – – 3
1.4 Aim of the Study – – – – – – – – – 4
1.5 Objectives of the Study – – – – – – – – 4
1.6 Scope and Limitation – – – – – – – – – 4
1.7 The Study Area – – – – – – – – – – 4

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 CONCEPT OF PARKING – – – – – – – 13
2.1.1 Concept of Parking Demand – – – – – – – 13
2.1.2 Determinants of Parking Demand – – – – – – – 14
2.1.3 Methods of Measuring Parking Demand – – – – – – 15
2.1.4 Concept of Parking Supply – – – – – – – – 17
2.1.5 Determinants of Parking Supply – – – – – – – 17
2.2 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – – – 18
2.2.1 Studying the effect of parking Policy – – – – – – 18
2.2.2 Application of possibility theory in solving parking problems – – – 19
2.2.3 Parking location decisions/Parking Choice Model – – – – – 20
2.3 Importance of Parking – – – – – – – – 20
2.4 Economics of Parking – – – – – – – – 21
2.5 Parking Facility Types – – – – – – – – 22
2.5.1 Parking Lot or Car Park – – – – – – – – 22
2.5.2 Multi-Storey Car Park – – – – – – – – 22
2.5.3 Underground Parking – – – – – – – – 23
2.6 Modes of Parking – – – – – – – – – 23
2.7 Smart Parking – – – – – – – – – 29
2.7.1 Sustainability and the Greening of Parking – – – – – – 30
2.8 Parking Strategy – – – – – – – – – 31
2.9 Management Strategies of Parking – – – – – – – 32
2.9.1 Parking Management paradigm shift – – – – – – – 32
2.10 Parking Policy- – – – – – – – – – 33
2.11 Review of parking issues in cities – – – – – – – 34
2.12 parking standards for commercial land use in the Federal Capital City (FCC) – 38
2.12.1 Parking Standards for Commercial Facilities – – – – – – 38
2.12.2 Vehicle and Parking Access – – – – – – – – 39
2.12.3 Parking Standards for Shopping Developments – – – – – 40
2.12.4 Parking Solutions – – – – – – – – – 43
2.13 Wuse II District Plan – – – – – – – – – 43
2.13.1 Background of Wuse II District – – – – – – – 43
2.13.2 Land Use of Wuse II District – – – – – – – 44
2.13.3 Pattern of Development – – – – – – – – 45
2.13.4 Commercial Development Pattern – – – – – – – 45

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY OF THE RESEARCH
3.1 Data Types and Sources – – – – – – – – 47
3.2 Approaches to Data Collection – – – – – – 48
3.2.1 Data Collection Instruments – – – – – – – – 48
3.2.2 Mapping and Field Investigation – – – – – – 48
3.2.3 Data collection procedure – – – – – – – 44
3.3 Data Collection Method – – – – – – – – 49
3.3.1 Physical Mapping – – – – – – – – – 49
3.3.2 Questionnaire Administration – – – – – – – 50
3.3.3 Interview – – – – – – – – – – 50
3.3.4 Review of Secondary Data – – – – – – – – 51
3.4 Data Analysis and Presentation – – – – – – – 51

CHAPTER FOUR: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
4.1 Introduction – – – – – – – – – 53
4.2 Characteristics of Commercial Developments in Wuse II – – – – 53
4.3 Parking Characteristics in Commercial Developments – – – – 58
4.3.1 On-Street parking- – – – – – – – – – 58
4.3.2 Off-Street Parking – – – – – – – – 65
4.4 Nature and pattern of parking problems associated with Commercial
Developments – – – – – – – – – – 70
4.4.1 Nature of Problems – – – – – – – – – 70
4.4.1.1 Congestion – – – – – – – – – – 70
4.4.1.2 Road Accidents – – – – – – – – – 71
4.4.1.3 Health/Environmental Hazards – – – – – – – 72
4.4.2 Distributional Pattern of Problems – – – – – – – 73
4.5 Factors responsible for parking problems in commercial developments – – 79
4.5.1 Inadequate Parking Facilities – – – – – – – – 79
4.5.2 Lack of multi storied parking facilities – – – – – – 80
4.5.3 Outdated and Non-Review of Wuse II District Plan- – – – – 81
4.5.4 Non-Implementation of the FCC Transportation Policy – – – – 82
4.5.5 Poor Enforcement of Development Control Guidelines – – – 83

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION
5.1 Summary of findings – – – – – – – – 85
5.2 Recommendations – – – – – – – – 86
5.2.1 Review of Wuse District Plan – – – – – – 86
5.2.2 Introduction of Public Parking Garages – – – – – 87
5.2.3 Introduction of Parking Charges – – – – – – 87
5.2.4 Development of Mass-Transit Systems and Pedestrian-friendly Initiatives – 89
5.2.5 Strengthening the Department of Development Control – – – – 89
5.3 Areas of Further Research – – – – – – – 89
5.4 Conclusion – – – – – – – – – – 90

Reference – – – – – – – – 92
Appendix A – – – – – – – – – 95
Appendix B – – – – – – – – 98

ABSTRACT  

The research examined the Problems of Parking in Commercial Zones within Wuse II District, FCC, Abuja and the explanations with a view to establishing challenges and providing appropriate recommendations.

Data for the study were obtained through a semi-structured questionnaire, observation, monitoring, recording and document review. A total of 86 questionnaires were administered through Stratified Random Sampling.

The Nominal Scale was used to classify the various commercial activities and their parking characteristics.

The findings from the study showed that the parking problems within the study area were associated with Off-Street and On-Street parking.

The On-Street parking predominantly occurs around the Converted Commercial Developments. Among the various commercial activities in the area, Plazas had the highest off-street and on-street parking problems. Among the Streets, Aminu Kano Crescent had the most parking problems.

The factors responsible for parking problems were identified to include, inadequate parking facilities, lack of multi storied parking facilities, non-implementation of the FCC transportation policy, and poor enforcement of development control guidelines. 

REFERENCES

Abuja at a Glance (2011). www.abujagis.com/aboutabuja.html . Retrieved August 2007.
Abuja Development Control Manual (2007). Development Control Department, Federal
Capital Territory Administration, Abuja.
Abuja Geographic Information Systems (2011). Abuja at a Glance.www.abujagis.com/aboutabuja.html
Adam S. Et al (2009). Determinants of Off-street Parking Demand in Down Town Eugene, OR
(University of Oregon. www.economics.uoregon.edu/wp-content/…/parking.pdf
Agbonkhese O. Et al (2013). Road Traffic Accidents in Nigeria: Causes and Preventive
Measures. Civil and Environmental Research. Nigeria Building and Road Research
Institute, National Laboratory Complex, Kilometer 10 Idiroko Rd, Ota Ogun State.
Allison L. C. (2002). The dynamics of On-Street Parking in large Central Cities. New York
University Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service.
www.planning.dot.gov/documents/transplanning/onstreetpkg.htm.
Asika N. (2006).Research Methodology in the Behavioral Sciences – Longman Nigeria Plc.

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