Ads: Get Admission into 200 Level and Study any Course in any University of Your Choice. Low Fees | No JAMB UTME. Call 09038456231

The Menace of Drug Abuse in Nigeria

ADS! DOWNLOAD ANY PAST QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS (PDF VERSION)


The Menace of Drug Abuse in Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Adolescents prefer an autonomous and independent life that is free from adult control, there by engaging in various delinquent acts (drug abuse, rape, robbery, cultism and vandalism) that are dangerous to the home, community, school and the nation. The impact of drug abuse among adolescents has been a stigma of moral decadence, violence, thugery, assault, madness and murder.

The menace of drug abuse has eaten deep into the fabrics of our society; however, with effective counselling programmes, the problems can be tackled through campaign against drug abuse by government and other relevant authorities Drug control counselling centres should be established in every community and qualified health counsellors should be employed in helping drug addicts by giving them special advice on how to go about the withdrawal system.

Drug awareness units to be set up in all states by the federal, state and local government not to try people who use drugs as criminals, but to help solve their socio-psychological problem. This paper discusses the concept of drug abuse, types, theories of causes, signs and symptoms, effects, and strategies for counselling.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page…………………………………………………………….i
Certification………………………………………………………….ii
Dedication……………………………………………………………iii
Acknowledgement………………………………………………… iv
Abstract……………………………………………………………… v
Table of content………………………………………………vi

CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the study ……………………………………1
1.1.1 Types of Drug Abuse………………………………….……..4
1.1.2 Causes of Drug Abuse……………………………………….5
1.2 Statement of the problem ……………………………………7
1.3 Objectives of the study……………………………………..8
1.4 Significance of the study……………………………………..9
1.5 Research Questions……………………………..……………..9
1.6 Limitation of the study………………………….….……….10
1.7 Definition of terms…………………………………………..10

CHAPTER TWO
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.1 Introduction………………………………………………..12
2.2 Theories of Drug Abuse……………………………………17
2.3 Drug Abuse Stages…………………………………………..19
2.4 Common Signs of Drug Abuse………………………………19
2.5 The Effects of Drug Abuse……………………..………..….20
2.6 Summary of General Consequences of Drug Abuse………22
2.7 The Drug Situation in Nigeria; Future Perspective………….24
2.8 Control of Drug Abuse………………………………………24

CHAPTER THREE
RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Research Design………………………………………….27
3.2 Population of the Study…………………………………26
3.3 Sample and Sampling Techniques………………………28
3.4 Instrumentation………………………………………….28
3.5 Method of Data Analysis…………………………………29

CHAPTER FOUR
DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Introduction……………………………………………….30
4.2 Data Presentation …………………………………………30
4.3 Analysis and interpretation of data………………………32

CHAPTER FIVE
DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
5.1 Discussion……………………………………………………37
5.2 Recommendations…………………………………………….38
5.3 Conclusion…………………………………………………..41
References ………………………… ……………………….. 43
Appendix I…………………………………………………..46

 

INTRODUCTION

Firstly, I consider it very important and necessary to define drug before writing on the main subject matter of this research work. Therefore one need to ask what really is drug? Since the early times, herbs, leaves and plants have been use to heal and control diseases. The use of drugs in itself does not constitute any danger, because drugs correctly administered have been a blessing. Falco (1988) as cited by Sambo (2008) viewed that “chronic use of substances can cause serious, sometimes irreversible damage to adolescent’s physical and psychological development.

The use of drugs could be beneficial or harmful depending on the mode of use. A drug refers to a substance that could bring about a change in the biological function through its chemical actions (Okoye, 2001). It is also considered as a substance that modifies perceptions, cognition, mood, behaviour and general body functions (Balogun, 2006). Thus, be considered as chemical modifiers of the living tissues that could bring about physiological and behavioural changes (Nnachi, 2007). 10 Drug abuse is a major public health problem all over the world (UNODC) (2005).

The use and abuse of drugs by adolescents have become one of the most disturbing health related phenomena in Nigeria and other parts of the world (NDLEA; 1997).Several school going adolescents experience mental health programme, either temporarily or for a long period of time. Some become insane, maladjusted to school situations and eventually drop out of school. According to Fawa (2003), “Drug is defined as any substance, which is used for treatment or prevention of a disease in man and animals.

Drug alters the body functions either positively or otherwise depending on the body composition of the user, the type of drug used, the amount used and whether used singly or with other drugs at the same time”. NAFDAC (2000) as cited by Haladu (2003) explained the term drug abuse as excessive and persistent self-administration of a drug without regard to the medically or culturally accepted patterns. It could also be viewed as the use of a drug to the extent that it interferes with the health and social function of an individual.

REFERENCES

AMBO, S. (2008). Understanding guidance and counseling, Zaria: Ahamadu Bello University Press Limited.

OKOYE, N.N. (2001). “The adolescents and hard drugs: A psychological concern in R.U.N”, Okonkwo & R.O. Okoye (eds). The Nigerian adolescent in perspective. A Publication of the Nigerian Society for Education.

BALOGUN, S.K. (2006). “Chronic intake of separate and combined alcohol and nicotine on body maintenance among albinorats”, Journal of Human Ecology, 19(1) 21-24.

NNACHI, R.O. (2007). Advanced psychology of learning and scientific enquiries, Enugu: J.J. Classic Publishers Ltd.

United Nations Organizations on Drug Council (UNODC) (2005). “World Health Organization Expert Committee on Dependence Producing Drugs. Fourteenth Report Urban Adolescents”, Child Development, 61, 2032-2046.

National Drug Law Enforcement Agency (1997). Drug data collection and research, Lagos: Drug Demand Reduction Unit, National Drug Law Enforcement Agency.

FAWA, M.S. (2003). Drug abuse eradication programme in schools: The relevance of team, approach alternative, in A. Garba (Ed) Youth and drug abuse in Nigeria: Strategies for counselling, management and control, Kano: Matasa Press.

HALADU, A.A. (2003). Outreach strategies for curbing drug abuse among out-of-school youth in Nigeria: A challenge for community Based Organization (CBOS), in A. Garba (ed). Youth and drug abuse in Nigeria: Strategies for counselling, management and control. Kano: Matosa Press. World Book Encyclopedia (2004). Vol. 6, Chicago: World Book.

MANBE, D.A. (2008). “Crime and drug abuse among Nigerian youths: A critical examination in World Health Organization (WHO)”, Expert committee on drug dependence, 28th Report (unpublished). 56

MBA, A.I. (2008). “Counselling techniques for the rehabilitation of drug addicts in Nigeria, The Counsellor, 18(1) 10-18.

ABDULAHI, Z. (2009). “Drug abuse among youths: Strategies for school counseling”, The Nigerian Society of Educational Psychologists, Jos: Nigeria. pp. 131-136. Adolescents Health Information Project (AHIP) (2001). Drug abuse, Unpublished Pamphlet, Kano: AHIP Centre.

ODEJIDE, A.O. (2000). “Research, prevention and treatment of alcohol and drug abuse in Nigeria: Problem and prospects”, Paper Presented at the 10th Anniversary Lecture of CRISA. Jos (5th October).

EZE, J.E. & Omeje, (1999). Fundamentals of substance abuse, Enugu: Snaap Press Ltd.

EKPO, A.U. (1981). ”Marijuana is very harmful”, Nigerian Gong, pp. 9-11.

ENAKPOYA, E. (2009). “Prevalence of drug abuse among Nigerian adolescents: Implication for counseling”, The Counsellor, Vol. 26, No 2.

ESEN, A.J.A. (1970). “Discipline in schools”, Journal of the Cross River, Educator, 1(1), 40.

ODEJIDE, A. (1979). “Alcohol use in sub-group literature Nigerian”,. African Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 5, 15-20.

ODUARAN, D. (1978). Psychological guidance of the school child. Ibadan, Evans Books.

OGUNREMI, O.O. & Rotimi, D.O. (1979). “The Nigerian teenage and the use of drug”, African Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 5(1&2), pp. 21-27.

OKUH, B. (1978). “Problems of secondary school learners”, Careers. Vol. 2, No 3.

 

Enter your email address:

Delivered by TMLT NIGERIA

Join Over 3,500 000+ Readers Online Now!


=> FOLLOW US ON INSTAGRAM | FACEBOOK & TWITTER FOR LATEST UPDATES

ADS: KNOCK-OFF DIABETES IN JUST 60 DAYS! - ORDER YOURS HERE

COPYRIGHT WARNING! Contents on this website may not be republished, reproduced, redistributed either in whole or in part without due permission or acknowledgement. All contents are protected by DMCA.
The content on this site is posted with good intentions. If you own this content & believe your copyright was violated or infringed, make sure you contact us at [[email protected]] to file a complaint and actions will be taken immediately.

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Comments are closed.