WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions 2021 Objective and Theory Update

Filed in Education by on February 19, 2021

WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions 2021: Expo questions and answers for Civic Education in the ongoing WAEC GCE are now available on our website. In this article, you will get for free past WAEC GCE Civic Education random repeated questions. All you need to do is to stay focus and follow this guide.

Civic Education in a democracy is an education in self-government. Democratic self-government means that citizens are actively involved in their own governance; they do not just passively accept the dictums of others or acquiesce to the demands of others.

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) is an examination board that conducts the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE), for University and Jamb entry examination in West Africa countries. In a year, over three million candidates registered for the exams coordinated by WAEC.

WAEC GCE Civic Education is important to every GCE 2021 candidate. Read on for Sample Questions GCE would set in 2021 Civic Education Objective and Theory or click here for WAEC GCE 2021 Civic Education Syllabus.

Many of our candidates have asked about the areas in which the WAEC board sets Civic Education questions for all students. It is to your best importance that this article shall deliberate majorly on that.

WAEC GCE Civic Education Questions and Answers

As usual, you will be given questions and options A to D to choose from. Normally, the number of objective questions (OBJ) you are to answer in WAEC GCE Civic Education is 50.

Objectives (OBJ):

The Following are sample WAEC GCE Objective Questions. They are likely Civic Education questions for WAEC GCE 2020.

1. The indirect dimension of changing the government is known as ___?
A. coup de ta’t
B. military rule
C. election
D. electorate

2. The head of the palace in the pre-colonial Hausa system is?
A. Sarkin dawaki
B. sarkin gida
C. sarkin fada
D. sarkin ruwa

3. What is the name of the motion brought before the chamber asking that leave be given to bring in a bill?
A. government motion
B. enactment
C. approval
D. leave

4. Early nationalist activities manifested in the form of _____?
A. discrimination
B. resistance
C. participation
D. disagreement

5. The appointment and dissolution of the board of directors of the public corporation fall under _______?
A. ministerial control
B. legislative control
C. political control
D. judicial control

6. Military intervention into the politics of a state involves ______
A. an overthrow of a legitimate government by pressure groups
B. the seizure of power from a legitimate government by the armed forces
C. violent overthrow of a democratic government by the police
D. the legitimate seizure of power by the police and civilians

7. Local government are vital in modern politics as they ________
A. encourage dictatorship
B. train the local people in the art of governance
C. make laws for the whole country
D. execute government policies at all levels

8. Which of the following is a civil/public servant?
A. House majority leader
B. Clerk of the House
C. Party whip
D. Minister of education

9. In a military regime, the arms of government that are usually fused are _________
A. executive and judiciary
B. legislature and local council
C. legislature and executive
D. judiciary and the press

10. A constitution is considered to be flexible if it _______?
A. can be amended by a simple majority
B. can be altered through a special procedure
C. requires two-third majority
D. is difficult to amend

11. The principle of checks and balances is important because it
A. prevents each organ of government from being dictatorial
B. frees other organs from judicial control
C. makes the organs confront themselves
D. makes the government perform its civic responsibilities

12. Which of the following is a fundamental right? Right to
A. life
B. education
C. criticize government
D. public office

13. Government maintains law and order through the following except ________?
A. police
B. immigration
C. the legislature
D. prison service

14. A corrupt judicial system erodes the observance of ______?
A. national peace and stability
B. the rule of law
C. international laws and conventions
D. democratic values of the executive

15. Which of the following statements about public corporations is not true?
A. It is managed by a board of directors
B. It is established by an act of parliament
C. A huge capital is needed for its establishment
D. It is financed mainly by private individuals

16. Acceptability of the government in power by the governed is known as
A. legitimacy
B. sovereignty
C. democracy
D. authority

17. Which of the following countries practiced totalitarianism?
A. Germany, Russia and Japan
B. Italy, Russia and Germany
C. Italy, Germany and Japan
D. Russia, Italy and England

18. A function of government is _________
A. controlling electoral commission
B. organizing pressure groups
C. making of laws
D. forming political parties

19. The excessive power of the traditional rulers in the pre-colonial era could checked by ________
A. the hunters
B. the priests
C. children of the chiefs
D. the farmers

20. The post-Second World War nationalism in West Africa was characterized by
A. disorganization
B. lukewarm demands
C. disorientation
D. increased agitation

21. The rights of citizens to benefit from public utility is classified as
A. social rights
B. natural rights
C. religious rights
D. political rights

22. Which of the following strengthen the power of the Supreme Court against the executive and the legislature?
A. Judicial precedent
B. Judicial review
C. Court injunction
D. Oath swearing

23. Policy of assimilation was successfully operated by the French in
A. Lome
B. Goree
C. Bamako
D. Abidjan

24. The theory of separation of powers was propounded by ________
A. A. V Decay
B. Max Weber
C. Charles Montesquieu
D. Gabriel Almond

25. Which of the following is not a method used by pressure groups to achieve their objectives?
A. Employing lobbyists
B. Embarking on demonstrations
C. Embarking on strikes and boycotts
D. Contesting for political positions

26. A “Yes” or No” vote on a specific political issue in a country is called ________
A. referendum
B. public opinion
C. gerrymandering
D. suffrage

27. Bicameralism is necessary in a federal state to demonstrate that __________
A. the executive is adequately represented
B. localized interests receive adequate representation
C. representation in the upper house is base on population
D. representation of the rich in society is taken care of

28. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) was formally established in Lagos on _________
A. December 20, 1945
B. June 20. 1963
C. March 15, 1971
D. May 28, 1975

Theory (Essay) Questions and Answers:

1. (a) What are values?
(b) State six importance of values to the Nigerian society.

ANS: (a) Values are the ideas, things, or principles cherished by people in a society.

(b) (i) Values help to determine and control the behavior of individuals in society.
(ii) They act as criteria or measures for the judgment of the actions of individuals in society.
(iii) Values give focus and direction to individuals in the family and society at large.
(iv) Values help us in decision-making.
(v) Values modify our attitudes and feelings towards other people through tolerance of different opinions and behavior.
(vi) Values act as standards of conduct for people in a society
(vii) Values guide people toward the achievement of declared objectives e.g. individual, family, communal, corporate, and national objectives among others.
(viii) Values promote unity, harmony, and cooperation in society.
(ix) Values encourage a sense of responsibility and hard work among Nigerian citizens.

2. (a) Explain the term citizenship education.
(b) State four reasons for effective citizenship education of Nigerian youths.

ANS: (a) Citizenship education is a process of enlightening or training citizens on their rights and responsibilities. Citizenship education is a form of education given to citizens with a view to making them responsible individuals who are committed to the meaningful development of their society.

(b) Effective citizenship education helps to:
(i) sensitize Nigerian youths on their duties and rights as citizens.
(ii) produce responsible, well-informed, and self-reliant Nigerian youths.
(iii) inculcate the right values and attitudes into the youths for the development of society.
(iv) help citizens especially youths identify national problems and proffer solutions.
(v) produce enlightened youths who are politically and nationally conscious.
(vi) instill in the youths high moral standards which are required for the development of the country.
(vii) encourage national integration and nation-building.
(viii) prepare the youths for future leadership roles.

3. (a) What is the meaning of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR)?
(b) Highlight any six rights or freedoms in the Universal Declaration of  Human Rights of 1948.

ANS: (a) Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) refers to a global proclamation specifying the rights of individuals. It is the primary international expression of the fundamental/ inalienable rights of members of the human race. It was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization on December 10, 1948, in Paris, France. The Charter consists of thirty (30) articles on Human Rights.

4. (a) Define human trafficking.
(b) State six causes of human trafficking in Nigeria.

ANS: (a) Human trafficking is the illicit/ illegal business in the sale and transportation of human beings for economic and other selfish purposes. Usually, the unsuspecting victims are lured away into forced labour, prostitution, and other forms of abuse.

(b) (i) Poverty – this makes victims very vulnerable.
(ii) Youth unemployment.
(iii) Disorientation of values/moral decadence in the society.
(iv) Greed and get-rich-quick attitude.
(v) Corruption in the society which encourages adventures into crimes.
(vi) Bad leadership which fails to protect citizens and provide for their social, economic, and other related security.
(vii) Ignorance or lack of knowledge/ awareness on the part of victims of human trafficking.

DISCLAIMER! These are not real WAEC GCE Civic Education questions but likely repeated questions over the years to help candidate understand the nature of their examinations. Ensure to take note of every questions provided on this page.

WAEC GCE Exam Instructions:

  1. Do not open your question paper until you are told to do so
  2. USE HB pencil throughout in the OBJ Section
  3. You are free to use Biro in the theory part
  4. You are allowed to use calculator to solve
  5. Make sure that you fill your name, Subject, paper, paper code and other examination details where necessary.
  6. Ensure that the texts in your question papers are boldly printed
  7. Behave yourself.
  8. Don’t let invigilators catch you using expo.

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