Summary of In Dependence 2021 for JAMB UTME & DE Candidates : Current School News

Summary of In Dependence 2021 for JAMB UTME & DE Candidates

Filed in Exam, Jamb News by on June 17, 2021



Summary of “In dependence” for JAMB 2021 UTME candidate – In this article, I will give you the summary of JAMB novel “In dependence”. I will help you understand everything about the novel by making my explanations very simple. All you need to do is to stay focus and follow me. Read on…

Summary of In Dependence 2021

Are you among those preparing for Joint Admission & Matriculation Examination, JAMB 2021 exam? Then you should be aware that reading the “In dependence” is a MUST! Here we have the summary of the novel and we hope it will help all the UTME Candidates.


Candidates are to note that irrespective of their choice of course of study or method of testing, they will also be tested on a general text: “In Dependence” by Sarah Ladipo Manyika

As usual we will be helping UTME Candidates obtain and Publish In Dependence likely Questions and Chapter to Chapter summary online once the Registration Commences.

About the Author and the Book

Sarah was born and raised in Nigeria. She has also lived in Kenya, France, and England. Her father is Nigerian and her mother is British.

Sarah inherited her maiden name (Ladipo) from her father who was born in Ibadan (South West Nigeria) in the late 1930s. Sarah’s father met and married her mother in the UK in the late 1960s.

She spent much of her childhood in Lagos and the city of Jos in Plateau State. As a young teenager, Sarah lived for two years in Nairobi, Kenya, before her family moved to the UK.

She studied at the Universities of Birmingham (UK), Bordeaux (France), and Berkeley (California). She was married in Harare, Zimbabwe, in 1994 and now divides her time between San Francisco (where she teaches literature at San Francisco State University), London and Harare.


Her writing includes published essays, academic papers, book reviews and short stories. Sarah’s first novel, In Dependence, was published by Legend Press in 2008.

Her short story “Mr Wonder” appeared in the 2008 collection Women Writing Zimbabwe.[6] Sarah’s novel In Dependence was chosen by the UK’s largest bookstore chain as its featured book for Black History Month.

In 2009, In Dependence, was published by Cassava Republic, a literary press based in Abuja, Nigeria, with a stable of authors that includes Teju Cole and Helon Habila.

About the Book – In Dependence

“In Dependence” was published in the UK in 2008, in Nigeria in 2009 and in the US in 2011. It is Sarah Ladipo Manyika’s first novel.

The novel begins in the early 1960s when Tayo Ajayi meets Vanessa Richardson, the beautiful daughter of an ex-colonial officer.

Their story, which spans three continents and four turbulent decades, is that of a brave but bittersweet love affair. It is the story of individuals struggling to find their place within uncertain political times – a story of passion and idealism, courage and betrayal.

Read on…

In Dependence can be described as a love story. But it is more than that. It traces the trajectory of Nigeria’s political history; the military coups, the bad and treacherous leadership, and its renewed tentative steps towards democracy.

It speaks to the demise  – in the 1980s – of Nigeria’s international reputation and the country’s rapidly destabilizing reality. It looks at the poor whose situation never improved but actually worsened.

Using events in Tayo’s life, it describes the effects of misrule on the country’s universities and the ensuing massive brain drain that Africa experienced. Sarah Manyika achieves all this with a voice and an outlook that is truly authentic and objective.

The author captures the mood and feel of different decades and the three continents – Africa, Europe and America – that serve as settings for the story. Its scope is vast and sweeping.

About the Author and the Book

Summary of In Dependence for JAMB 2021

Tayo Ajayi, a Nigerian, and Vanessa Richardson, an English woman, had their affair boiling when it started, but as circumstances were meant to intervene, the relationship went sore and it seemed nothing could ever bring them together.

The book has characters that behaved in like-patterns, like in the case of Tayo’s friend, Yusuf, who had dated lots of white English ladies. He (Yusuf) ended up marrying a Nigerian Woman as predicted (Yusuf knew what he wanted and seemed to get it).

Tayo also ended up the same way in as much as his affair with Vanessa Richardson had been gleaming, although his had been out of the mistake of getting a young woman (Miriam) pregnant. And talking of pattern, the novel’s beginning had opened up introducing Tayo’s affair with Christine, a Nigerian Igbo lady.

One would think that Manyika had to end Tayo’s relationship with Christine for the sake of bringing in Vanessa into Tayo’s life, but still, Tayo had to end up marrying Miriam. And still the marriage failed, giving in to the familiar pattern.

Continue Reading

Miriam in Manyika’s novel represented the breeds of the Nigerians that would always run away to live abroad due to the collapsing image of their home country. Miriam went away with her daughter leaving Tayo behind.

In as much as she persuaded Tayo, he wouldn’t go. She didn’t like an inconveniencing life. She wanted the best life for her daughter. Tayo, on the other side represented the crude breeds of Nigerians that felt home was home even though the country was boiling in corruption.

In as much as the failure of the country stared firmly at his face with daggers, he chose to stay. Towards the late pages of the novel he had to leave the country under threatening circumstances against his life from the ruling military regime.

The entire novel is told from the good days of Nigeria’s independence down into the nineties. I applaud Manyika’s ink, here.

Read on

In as much as the setting of this novel floated through England, Senegal, USA, and France, she was able to use her third eye to draw out Nigeria’s journey into the worse lanes of corruption, and hopelessness.

Faith is another issue that Manyika dealt with. It didn’t matter to her if one was a Moslem or Christian. Reading through this novel, one couldn’t tell if Tayo came from a Moslem or Christian family but we did know he embraced more of the Christian faith.

She failed to point out the difficulties of inter-religious marriages in the novel, but centred more on the difficulties of interracial marriage.

More Summary of In Dependence

During Tayo’s life as a part time lecturer in Sans Francisco, Manyika used a scene to unbolt some deeper issues of racism. She pointed out the racist ties between the African American and the pure African. These issues she raised apply everywhere even within Nigerians.

A Yoruba would refer to an Igbo as a greedy money monger and dubious monster, and in turn the Igbo would refer to the Yoruba as a dirty, loquacious and foolish personality who spend all he earns on parties and alcohol.

It had to be understood that racism was one those existences that would live for a long time as far as misunderstanding between people existed.

I captured lines that are coated with humour in this novel, but could be called racial remarks. Young black Yusuf came clean in his conversation with Tayo.

He said white women were for sex treats while black women were for decent relationships that could lead to marriage. He added that a white woman looked so old when she turned thirty.

Summary of In Dependence for JAMB 2021

See More In Dependence Summary

The worst racist in this book is Vanessa’s father who was a one time colonial master in Nigeria before 1960. He was against Tayo marrying his daughter, and had refused to accept Vanessa’s adopted half-cast son.

He seemed more racial against half-casts earlier in the novel confronting Tayo about his fears for a half-cast grandchild. It was later understood that his hatred for the blacks was as a result of an affair his wife had with a black man during the colonial era.

Manyika, whose picture shows she is perhaps half-cast, was able to make a point here. She drew a difference between being black and being a half-cast (brown).

This would have been quite a storm for her to write about because of the racial wind against the brown people living in whitely dominated regions.

In contrast to a pure black country, half-casts are seen beautiful which Manyika failed to point out. In fact in the black continent, the typical black man may feel inferior to a half-cast.

Continue Reading

Manyika was also able to portray the polemic attack Nigerians receive from around the world these days. She didn’t bring this to print but the image was represented, and I had to figure it out.

I can say it clouds around the pain felt each time an IELTS or TOEFL exam is required before a Nigerian could study abroad. This doesn’t exclude a masters’ degree.

Does the world think Nigerians speak Latin or Greek or some kind of language called ‘Nigerian’?
‘I said I haven’t heard you speak Nigerian,’ Joyce says.

Joyce is one of Manyika’s English characters. And I like the way Yusuf replies this. ‘Nobody speaks Nigerian, you daft thing,’ A coincidence in this novel which I refuse to accept was the scene in which Vanessa had just come across one of her best music, Hugh Maskela, a song that reminded her of Nelson Mandela…

And on the same day, not even up to two hours if I could rightly predict, her white husband is presenting her with ‘Long Walk to Freedom’, Nelson Mandela’s biography.

Finally on the Summary of In Dependence

What a coincidence! I also do not embrace the fact that Manyika saw hope for Nigeria through the eyes of Tayo only when Abacha died. There are still Abacha loyalists in Nigeria today who will find this offending. She should have kept the line in a riddle.

Vanessa did meet with Tayo at the end of the novel, but it was hard to predict if at all a love relationship was ignited between them.

Vanessa was still married, but Tayo wasn’t. Manyika maintained a non-adulterous plight between the two here. The happy-ending-formula which most romance writers adapt was blurring in the novel.

Get updated information at the right time on the Summary of In Dependence. Kindly provide us with your phone number and email address in the comment box below.

What’s your take on this? We believe this article was interesting right, if yes, don’t hesitate to use our share button below to inform – friends and relations via Facebook or Twitter.

CSN Team

    Hey You!

    Join Over 5 Million Subscribers Today!


    Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

    Comments (28)

    Trackback URL | Comments RSS Feed

    1. Loveth Success says:

      I need answers for chemistry, physics, use of English and Biology and also need you people help. Thanks


    2. Juliet says:

      Why exactly was the book titled in dependence

    3. ejenabedia juliet says:

      Nice but why is the novel title independence

    4. Ademola adeshewa says:

      Nice novel still hard to understand why it’s titled in dependence and not independence and why did Vanessa and tayo’so relationship ended a disaster

    5. ELIZABETH says:

      It easy to understand i beg keep it up

    6. Joy says:

      It is interested somehow

    7. It’s straight forward nd it’s easy to summarize.kinda love it

    8. Kanu says:

      So simple

    9. Simon Ekakabor says:

      Please what’s the difference between INDEPENDENCE and IN DEPENDENCE

    10. ESTHER says:


    11. Ifeoma says:

      kindly explain the difference between independence and in dependence

    12. Ifeoma says:

      Thank you for the summary

    13. Annabel says:

      Nice one

      • Edim Emmanuel says:

        Wow!I Apreciate U Guys Efforts Towards The Success Of Jambites By Way Of Ur Summary

    14. Omega says:

      I’m little confused, I want to know the main reason why the book was titled “in dependence”…

    15. Esther says:

      wow! make sense die bravo!

    16. Muhd Sani Yusuf says:

      Me too I am very appreciate with this novel.

    17. Gy. Kay. says:

      Mayinka has a very unique style of writing,,, beautiful

    18. jessica says:

      Nice one I lv it

    19. Yer Realing Straight Forward Ad Clear It Realing Interesting Indeed

    20. Segun says:

      Nice one! What a lovely story!

    21. Evbenobose Destiny says:

      It is interesting and what next I love it.

    22. abiodun says:

      Good Novel


      In fact, the review was time-consuming instead simply written up for quick comprehension.Better still, the plot of the..

    24. Dada salem says:

      We shall all succeed

    25. Hannah says:

      Wow this is an intelligent write up…looviee u guyz

    26. Temmy says:

      Very straightforward summary. Luv u guyz

    27. abiodun says:

      this good novel

    %d bloggers like this: