Coverage of Foreign News by Nigerian Newspapers.
This work focuses on the coverage of foreign news by Nigerian Newspapers using Vanguard and Daily Sun as case studies. The researcher made use of content analysis, while simple random sampling was used to select 24 editions of the two newspapers which amounted to 48 editions as the sample size, for the period of six months of this study.
The findings show that Nigerian newspapers report foreign news frequently but do not give it prominence, that is, most foreign news reported were buried in the inside pages of the newspapers.
Also, the Nigerian newspapers report more of negative foreign news which does not have any bearing on development purposes. This work concludes that the concept of imbalance in news flow should be given less attention and be accepted as a characteristic of media system.
Table of Content
Table of Content
1.1 Introduction/Background of Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 7
1.3 Purpose of Study 8
1.4 Significance of Study 9
1.5 Research Question 10
1.6 Limitation 11
1.7 Delimitation of the Study 12
1.8 Operational Definition of Terms 13
Literature Review 14
2.1 Empirical Review 14
2.2.1Agenda Setting theory 25
2.2.2 Development media theory 27
2.3 Summary of literature review 30
3.1 Methodology 32
3.2 Population of Study 32
3.3 Sample Size 33
3.4 Sampling Technique 34
3.5 Sources of Data 35
3.6 Instrument for Data Collection 35
3.7 Unit of Analysis 36
3.8 Content Categories 37
4.1 Data Presentation 39
4.2 Data Analysis 40
5.1 Summary 46
5.2 Conclusion 47
5.3 Recommendations 48
Communication is so vital in our lives that it could be regarded as one of the characteristics of living organisms. It is a necessary condition for education, socialization, understanding, co-operation and even confrontation. (Ekeanyanwu, 2007: 13)
When there is a controversy in information flow among countries of the world, it degenerates to an imbalance in communication, thus, the concept of imbalance in news flow.
The concept of news, journalism and freedom of the press have for many years been a major source of disagreement between developing countries in Africa and the developed countries in the world. Developing countries often feel ill served by the western media claiming that foreign writers distort the story about African growth and development or at times, fail to report it at all.
The developed countries on the other hand, see the developing nations as hindering the report of news. Members of the news media in industrialized nations, that is, free press as it exists in the United States of America and Great Britain virtually unknown in Africa and other parts of developing nations.
In the mid ‘70s, there was a cry over the poor coverage of events in the industrialized world by the African Press while the African press also lamented about the industrialized world over the same issue.
MacBride (1980: 36) reacted by saying that “the gap between the fully informed and the under informed continues to widen as the imbalance between those imparting and those receiving information becomes accentuated”. As a result, the maintenance of an open flow of information has become a necessity to nations of the world.
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