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Design and Implementation of an Online Crime Reporting System

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Design and Implementation of an Online Crime Reporting System.

ABSTRACT

An ideal society is governed by laws and measurable consequences are meted out to any member of the society that is found guilty of lawbreaking. Customarily, members of the society are expected to report any incidence of the breakdown of law and order to the appropriate law enforcement authorities.

In time past, the process of reporting crimes in the society (Nigeria) had involved going into any of the offices of the law enforcement agencies (e.g. Police, neighbourhood corps) to make a report, which made anonymity next to impossible.

But the advent of technology opened more avenues for reporting crimes; from the telegraph, special radio communication, and dedicated phone lines to more responsive and more pervasive technological application platforms (web and mobile software applications).

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Certification…….ii
Dedication….iii
Acknowledgment…..iv
Abstract…….v

Chapter One Introduction
1.1 Background of Study….1
1.2 Statement of Problem…3
1.3 Aims and Objectives of Study…3
1.4 Scope of Work…3
1.5 Project Development Methodology (Agile Software Methodology)….4
1.6 Motivation…..5
1.7 Project Outline…5

Chapter Two Literature Review

2.1 Crime……6
2.1 Types of Crimes….. 11
2.1.1 Normal Crime…….11
2.1.2 Political- economic Crime..11
2.1.3 Riotous Crime….12
2.2 Factors Leading to Crime…..13
2.2.1 Ordinary Factors…..14
2.2.1.1 Geographical…14
2.2.1.2 Sociological…..14
2.2.1.3 Physiological And Atmospheric….14
2.2.2 Specific Factors…..15
2.2.2.1 Family Circumstances….15
2.2.2.2 A Ruined Family….15
2.2.2.3 The Size of the Family…15
2.2.2.4 Discontentedness in the Family…15
2.2.2.5 Fallen Family……16
2.2.2.6 Absence of Orderliness in the Family….16
2.4.2.7 The Movies…….16
2.4.2.8 Financial Conditions…….16
2.4.2.9 Regional Variance….17
2.4.2.10 Religious Radicalism…..18
2.5 Electronic Crime Reporting Platforms…..18
2.6 Limitations of Existing E-Crime Reporting Platforms…19
2.7 Justice System In Nigeria…19

Chapter Three System Analysis

3.1 Requirement Discovery…20
3.1.1 Problem Analysis…20
3.1.2 Fact Finding……20
3.2 System Requirements Modeling….21
3.2.1 Business Actors…..21
3.2.2 Business Requirements Use Cases….21
3.2.3 Use Case Model Diagram….23
3.2.4 Use Case Dependencies….26
3.3 Data Modeling and Analysis…27
3.3.1 Entity Discovery……….27
3.3.2 Context Data Model…28
3.3.3 Key Based Data Model..29
3.3.4 Fully Attributed Data Model…..31
3.3.5 Class Diagrams……31
3.3.6 Activity Diagram…31

Chapter Four System Design

4.1 Application Architecture……33
4.1.1 Network Architecture…33
4.1.2 Person-Machine Boundaries….34
4.2 System Database…….34
4.2.1 Database Schema…….34
4.3 System Interfaces…..36
4.3.1 Input Interfaces….36
4.3.2 Output Interfaces…38

Chapter Five System Implementation and Evaluation

5.1 Implementation……39
5.1.1 Programming Tools…….39
5.1.2 Hardware Requirements…….40
5.1.3 Software Platform……40
5.2 System Deployment……..40
5.3 Evaluation……..41

Chapter Six Conclusion

6.1 Achievements…..46
6.2 Limitation and Constraints..46
6.3 Recommendations and Future Works…..47
7.0 References……48

INTRODUCTION

The quest to control crime and breakdown of law and order increases has the society grows and diversity of human intentions and interactions abound.

An ideal society is governed by laws and regulations that are collectively agreed upon and measurable consequences that will be meted out for any member of the society that is found culpable to have floated any specific component of the legal infrastructure.

Besides the legal infrastructure in a society are the security apparatuses that enforce the law with the interest to maintain law and order.

The legal infrastructures determine the extent to which law enforcement agents can act or protect the common interests of individuals in the society. It also outlines the civic responsibilities and human rights for the members of the society.

REFERENCES

Blau, P., and Joseph E. (1984) Crosscutting Social Circles: Testing a Macro structural Theory of
Intergroup Relations. Orlando, FL: Academic Press.

Diamond, L. (1984). Nigeria in search of democracy. Foreign Affairs 62:905-27.
Ekpenyong, S. (1989). Social inequalities, collusion, and armed robbery in Nigerian cities.
British Journal of Criminology 29:21-34.

Elizabeth, A. (2003). Oxford Dictionary of Law (7ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN
0198607563

Ernest, K. (2014). Klein’s Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English
LanguageStandards, Methods, & Technology (SMT) Committee White Paper.

Forrest, T. (1993). Politics and economic development in Nigeria. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Gurr, T., and McClelland, M. (1971). Political performance: A twelve-nation stuclv. Beverly
Hills, CA: Sage Publications

lhonvbere, J. (1994). Nigeria. The politics of adjustment and democracy. New Brunswick, N J:
Transaction Publishers.
Van, B (1955). Pioneers in Criminology VIII:
scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=4384…jclc

Land, K., Patricia, L. and Lawrence, E. (1990) Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: Are
There Any Invariances Across time and Social Space? American Journal of Sociology 95:922-
963.

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