Menstrual Hygiene Among Adolescents In Secondary Schools : Current School News

Menstrual Hygiene And Practices Among Adolescents In Secondary Schools In Imo State, Nigeria

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Menstrual Hygiene And Practices Among Adolescents In Secondary Schools In Imo State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Menstruation is a phenomenon unique to all females and its onset is a landmark event in the pubertal life of the adolescent girl.

Menstrual hygiene deals with the specific health care needs and requirements of women during monthly menstruation.

Menstrual hygiene is an issue that every girl and woman has to deal with when she enters adolescent until she reaches menopause.

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to Study.

Globally about 52% of the female population is of reproductive age. Meaning menstruation is part of their normal life and menstrual hygiene is therefore an essential part of basic hygienic practices.

Adolescent is a stage in the lives of females which indicates their transformation from girlhood to womanhood. Adolescence in girls has been recognized as a special period in their lifecycle that requires due attention this period is marked by onset of menarche which occurs between 11 and 15 years.

Adolescents are a large and growing segment of the world’s population. More than half of the world’s population is below the age of 25 and one in every two young people in the world is adolescent.

During adolescence young people develop their adult identity move, toward physical and psychological maturity. Physiologically, the hypothalamus produces growth hormone and gonadotropins  initiate pubertal changes.

Menstruation, the periodic vaginal bleeding that occurs with the shedding of the uterine mucosa is one of the signs of puberty can occur one or two years following appearance of secondary sexual characteristics.

Menstrual hygiene deals with the specific health care needs and requirements of women during monthly menstruating.  

These areas of special concern include choice of best feminine hygiene products, how often and when to change the feminine hygiene products, bathing, care of the vulva and vagina as well as the supposed benefits of vaginal douching at the end of each menstrual period.

Menstrual hygiene is an issue that every girl and woman has to deal with once she enters adolescence around the age of 12 until she reaches the menopause.

Menstruation is a monthly occurrence that requires access to appropriate materials and facilities without which females suffer from poor menstrual hygiene which restricts movement and self-confidence. Good menstrual hygiene is therefore crucial for health and dignity of girls and women.

REFERENCES

Mahon T and Fernandez M. Menstrual hygiene in South Asia: A neglected issue for water, sanitation, and management. Gender and development. 2010; 18(1): 59-113.

Rajni D, Anil K, Manpreet K. “Knowledge and Practices Related to menstruation among tribal (Gujjar) Adolescentgirls” Ethnomed. 2009; 3(1):43-48.

Dasgupta A, Sarkar M, “Menstrual hygiene; How hygienic is the adolescent girl?’’ Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2008; 33(2): 77-80

WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF Programming for adolescent health and development. Report of WHO/UNFPA/UNICEF. Study group on Programming for Adolescent health technical report series Geneva 1999. No-886. Available   at http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/trs_886/en/

Lawan UM, Yusuf NW, Musa AB. “Menstruation and Menstrual hygiene amongst Adolescent school girls in Kano, Northwestern Nigeria”. African Journal of Reproductive Health September 2010; 14 (3): 201-207.

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