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Prison and Crime Control | PDF Download

Filed in Current Projects, Law Project Topics by on June 11, 2019

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Prison and Crime Control.

ABSTRACT

The prison is a custodial and correctional institution, functioning within the ambit of penal sociology. The core value of the prison is to keep custody of both convicted and unconvicted persons. It is expected of the prison to give back to the society changed persons who will no longer pursue criminal life style, using the correctional instruments available to them and finally rehabilitation cum reintegration.

Imprisonment is a remedial therapy. The government should be proactive in crime control by attacking the roots of crime rather than the branches. Poverty must be fought in sincerity and honesty by the government. Our value system must be revived and entrenched into the polity rather than using the prison as a cooler and dumping ground for her citizens.

Prisons department should be adequately funded. Both the Marxist conflict, structural functionalist, symbolic interactionist model are considered akin to explain the phenomena of crime and rehabilitation as a treatment strategy of crime. Instruments used to analyze this phenomena are sampling, interviews and other literature relevant to the topic under probe.

Finally, the research findings on this project reveal that the number of rehabilitated inmates has little impact on crime control in Akwa Ibom State. It is recommended that prisons should attempt to put inmates in jobs they have interest to learn, government should build a rehabilitation village for discharged persons before final reintegration, and the public should endeavour to employ rehabilitated inmates.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page

Declaration                   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        i

Certification        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        ii

Dedication –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iii

Acknowledgement       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        iv

Abstract     –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vi

Table of Contents        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        vii

 CHAPTER ONE:                   INTRODUCTION

1.1    Introduction         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        1

1.2    Statement of Problem –        –        –        –        –        –        –        2

1.3    Objective of Study       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        3

1.4    Scope of Study  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        4

1.5    Significance of Study  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        5

1.6    Research Hypothesis –        –        –        –        –        –        –        5

1.7    Definition of Terms      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        6

 CHAPTER TWO          :        LITERATURE  REVIEW

2.1    Preamble   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        8

2.2    Crime and Causes of Crime          –        –        –        –        –        –        8

  • Prison and Rehabilitation Programmes – –        –        –        11

2.4    Discharged Inmates Rehabilitation        –        –        –        –        –        20

2.5    Problems of Rehabilitation   –        –        –        –        –        –        30

2.6    Theoretical Framework         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        33

 CHAPTER THREE:    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Research Methodology        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        36

3.2    Research Population  –        –        –        –        –        –        –        36

3.3    Sample Size       –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        36

3.4    Method of Data Collection   –        –        –        –        –        –        37

3.5    Administration of Research Instrument –        –        –        –        37

3.6    Method of Data Analysis      –        –        –        –        –        –        38

3.7    Problems Encountered        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        38

CHAPTER FOUR :     DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

  • Data Collected from Questionnaire Administered  –        –        39
  • Data Analysis and Interpretation Extent of

Rehabilitated Inmates –        –        –        –        –        –        –        41

4.3    Discussion of Findings         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        43

 CHAPTER FIVE:         SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

  • Summary of Research Findings –        –        –        –        –        45

5.2    Conclusion         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        45

5.3    Recommendations      –        –        –        –        –        –        –        46

References         –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        47

Appendix   –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        –        48

INTRODUCTION

The focal point of this study is penology and correctional sociology. The strength lies more on correction rather than punishment as deterrent, retributive measure in the control of crime. Changes in punishment, according to Foucault (1999) argues that these changes involve a fundamental shift in the nature of punishment.

In the early 18th century, punishment focused on the body. It involves direct infliction of pain to suffer the offender, toward the late 18th – 19th century, this had changed to the punishment of the soul.

The punishment consisted of a loss of rights particularly the right to liberty. Furthermore the intention was to reform the offender rather than simply to make him suffer.

The Prison is defined as a place, grounds, buildings, declared by the minister of internal affairs now interior affairs under prison Decree No 9 of 1972 as prison, (2008) Nkwocha, Daniel Ibeabuchi, page 50.

Crime is an aspect of human retrogression, it has primitive roots. In the views of Radzinowlez and King, 1977. “A crime is a conduct that is forbidden by law and for which punishment is prescribed”.

REFERENCES

Abrataaser and David (1980) Note on Relative deprivation theory, Lessa and Vogt Press London.

Agnew, Robert, (1985) Social control Theory and deliguen: A longitudinal Test criminology, London 23:47-61.

Coleman, James (1984). Introductory Social Structure into Economic Analysis, American Economic Review, 1984, Vol. 74, issue 2,84-88.

Cox and Wade (1989). The Criminal Justice Network: An Introduction IOWA: AMC Publishers. 

Dambazau, A. B. (1999). Criminology and Criminal Justice. Kaduna: Nigeria Defence Academy Press. 

Donates Onwumeodo (2003) War Against Family Poverty in Nigeria, Alphabet Nigeria Publishers Owerri Pages 5-6.

Durkheim, David Emile (1964/1855). The Social Science Encyclopedia. University of Paris.

Egu, Musa A. (1990). History of the Nigerian Prisons Services. An insider’s account. Abuja: Garkida press Limited.

Farley, Christopher Crosby (1990). Social Dimension of Education: Prentice Hall; Pennsylvania State University, U.S.A. 

Foucault, J. I. (1999) Crime and Criminology. New York: The Dryden Press.

Igbo, E. U. M. (2007). Introduction to Criminology. Nsukka: University of Nigeria Press.

Lionel W. Fox B.M.C. (1952) The English Prison and Bostal System. Routledge & Kegan Paul         Limited Broadway House. 68-78 Carter Lane London E. C. 4.

Nigeria Prisons Services, Staff Duties Manual.

Nkwocha, Daniel Ibeawuchi (2008) Nigeria Prisons Service; promotion made Easy for Officers and me, I. O. Publishers Owerri, Pages 67 and 68.

Nkwocha, Daniel Ibeawuchi (2008). Degree No. 9 of 1972 Prison page 50.

Olawale, Wole (2005). Revisional Digest for Prison Workers. Owerri: Alphabet Nigeria Publishers.

Omu, L. H. (2008). Basic Principles of Penology in Nigeria. Port Harcourt: Anyifovy Complex.

Opera, A. L. (1998) Criminology and Penology. Owerri: Cel-Bez and Co. Publishers.

Reformer (April/June 2008) Publication of Nigeria Prison Service vol. 3 No. 1.

Reid J. D. (1976). Crime and Criminology. New York: The Dryden Press.

Seigel, L. J. (1992). Criminology. Fourth Edition. U.S.A.: West Publishing Company.

Taylor, Michael, (1973). Government Coalitions in Western Europe University of Essex, Colchester.

U.N.O. Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners.

Ugwudike, K. U. G. (2002). Understanding Police and Criminology. Awka: Orient Media International. 

CSN Team

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