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B.Sc. Biotechnology Overview See Current Eligibility & Career Update

Filed in Education by on April 29, 2021

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B.Sc. Biotechnology Overview: B.Sc. Biotechnology is a 3- year undergraduate course. I will give you an update about career in Biotechnology, eligibility as well as top colleges in India with Biotech.

B.Sc. Biotechnology Career Update

The course covers 6-semesters and each semester is 6 months. The minimum educational qualification required to apply for the course is 10+2 in the science stream completed from a recognized educational board.

The average fee of the course in India is ranging between INR 1 – 3 lacs, varying across institutes. I will be discussing the following with you in the course of this article

Advanced Details About B.SC. Biotechnology Course

Biotechnology is a combination of two subjects- Biology and Technology. Broadly speaking, it brings together concepts of Biology and Engineering and aims at putting concepts of both these subjects together, in a bid to enrich our lives and make innovative developments.

Biotechnology is well known by the short name of biotech. In simple terms, biotechnology deals with the modification or enhancement of living organisms according to human purposes. The main aim of this branch of science is the creation of useful products (from living organisms) or enhancement of living organisms which will increase in their value.

Biotechnology consists of elements of molecular biology, biochemistry, cell biology, embryology, genetics, microbiology, and technology. Do you want to see examples of biotechnology at work? Here are some such examples – tissue culture, genetic engineering, and cell culture.

Let us talk about the areas of the application now. Biotechnology has applications in different areas/domains. Broadly speaking, it has applications in areas such as – healthcare, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, recycling, food processing, and production.

Let us consider some real-life applications of biotechnology now. Let us start –

Biotechnology is used to genetically modify plants and improve their resistance towards diseases and harmful microorganisms. In short, this will help improve agricultural productivity. Similarly, biotechnology is used to develop organic fertilizers.

Biotechnology is also used for recycling waste material. Directly and indirectly, this branch of science contributes to environmental conservation and sustainable development.

The biotechnology sector is growing at a steady pace in India. Not just India, this sector is growing at a decent pace across the world! In short, this sector is set to create an ample amount of job opportunities in the future.

At present, this sector offers a limited amount of job opportunities (well rewarding ones) in India. But this scenario will change shortly. The R&D sector associated with the biotechnology sector is well rewarding (both financially and career growth-wise).

Biotechnology course material can be classified into two sections- theory section and practical section. In the theory section, students will have to deal with subjects related to biology as well as basic technology concepts.

The practical section is also very important. Students will have to spend a good amount of time in the laboratory, performing practical lessons as well as lab training.

At the end of the course, a research project is also held. Lab activities form a major part of the project.

Eligibility Criteria for Biotechnology

Any student who has done Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Mathematics subjects in class 12th can opt for  B Sc Biotechnology as their specialization at the undergraduate level. The students are eligible for admission after clearing the entrance exams.

One can go do Masters in Science (Biotechnology) after clearing undergraduation. One can also pursue PG after receiving a graduate degree in any of the life sciences.

Students who are interested in research and development can also pursue their Ph.D. degrees.

B.Sc Biotechnology Subjects

The following is the detailed list of subjects that are taught in B.Sc Biotechnology.

Semester – I

  1. English (Compulsory)
  2. Microbiology – 1          Fundamentals of Microbiology
  3. Biotechnology – 1        Introduction to Biotechnology & Cell Biology
  4. Biochemistry – 1          Physical and Chemical aspects of Biochemistry

Semester – II

  1. English (Compulsory)
  2. Microbiology – 2          Microbial Chemistry and Physiology
  3. Biotechnology – 2        Funda. of Biochemistry, Biocomputing & Biostatistics
  4. Biochemistry – 2          Biomolecules

Semester – III

  1. English (Compulsory)
  2. Microbiology – 3          Microbial Diversity
  3. Biotechnology – 3        Basic Aspect of Cellular Metabolism
  4. Biochemistry – 3

Semester – IV

  1. English (Compulsory)
  2. Microbiology – 4          Analytical Techniques and Bioinformatics
  3. Biotechnology – 4        Environmental Biotechnology
  4. Biochemistry – 4

Semester – V

  1. Biotechnology – 5        Bioprocess & Biochemical Engineering
  2. Biotechnology – 6        Genetics & Molecular Biotechnology
  3. Biotechnology – 7        Immunology

Semester – VI

  1. Biotechnology – 8        Prin. of Biotechnology applied to plants and animals
  2. Biotechnology – 9        Analytical Techniques in Biotechnology
  3. Biotechnology – 10  Advanced Molecular Techniques & Bioinformatics

B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus

B.Sc Biotechnology Syllabus


We can see a semester-wise breakup of the course syllabus as below

Semester 1 Semester 2
Macromolecular Structure and Analysis Organic Mechanisms in Biology
Biophysics & Instrumentation Principles of Transmission Genetics
Cell Structure & Dynamics Principles of Microbiology
Biomathematics – I Biomathematics – II
Chemistry Introduction to C-Programming & Digital Logic


Semester 3 Semester 4
Microbial Genetics Molecular Genetics
Principles of Immunology Computational Biology & Bioinformatics
Plant and Animal Tissue Culture Techniques and applications Biodiversity & Taxonomy
Plant Biotechnology Animal Biotechnology
Introduction to Data Structure & Computer Organization Introduction to DBMS, Computer Network & Numerical Analysis


Semester 5 Semester 6
DNA Typing, Proteomics & Beyond Model Organisms in Human Genome Project
Recombinant DNA Technology Elements of Management Introduction and Entrepreneurship
Environmental Biotechnology Medical Biotechnology
Industrial Biotechnology Biotechnology- Social, Legal and Ethical issue

B.Sc Biotechnology Colleges

The course is offered by various top institutes/colleges in India, here we have listed some of the top institutes in different cities for your reference.

College Name City Average Annual Fees
Loyola College Chennai INR 48,000
ST. Xavier’s College Mumbai INR 22,380
Suresh Gyan Vihar Institute Jaipur INR 87,000
Christ University Bangalore INR 16,667
The Oxford College of Science Chennai INR 19,319
Madras Christian College (MCC) Chennai INR 19,319
Stella Maris College Chennai INR 3,460
Ramjas College New Delhi INR 12,000
Fergusson College Pune INR 3,420
Hans Raj College (HRC) New Delhi INR 16,000
Presidency College Chennai INR 1,265
Miranda College New Delhi INR 17,800
Mount Carmel College (MCC) Bangalore INR 35,600
ST. Xavier’s College Kolkata INR 27,700
Sri Venkateswara College New Delhi INR 11,540
Gargi College New Delhi INR 8,305
St Joseph’s College Devagiri Calicut INR 3,075
Elphinstone College Mumbai INR 23,188
Hindu College New Delhi INR 16,173
ST. Xavier’s College Ahmedabad INR 12,000

B.Sc. in Biotechnology Scope

Biotechnology is one of the most emerging fields in today’s education system. It creates technologies and products that help to improve human life. The recent advances in biotechnology have helped to face the most difficult challenges faced by society.

The latest technologies are found to be of great help in fighting diseases, reducing environmental harm, using less and clean energy, and having a safe and clean industrial manufacturing process.

To date, more than 250 health care products and vaccines are made available to patients who are effective in diseases that were difficult to treat before. The farmers have benefited a lot from agricultural biotechnology. Biotechnology with its recent advances has helped us to face the difficult challenges of society.

All this shows that the scope of biotechnology as a career option is very promising as every other day there are amazing discoveries, new applications, and innovative products introduced in the market.

Biotechnology courses enable the student to contribute to the benefits of society. Many organizations are great resources for freshers in this field.

Courses in Biotechnology

Biotechnology has a wide range of courses and students can select the course as per their interest. The courses are:

  1. Biotechnology

It involves the study of living organisms to make products that are beneficial for the human race.

  1. Food Technology

This course involves the study and research done to improve the quality of the food, their preservation methods, and their nutritional value.

  1. Biomedical Engineering

Biotechnologists can work as:

In this, the biomedical engineers work with doctors and researchers to solve various problems of mankind. They do so by developing various equipment and devices.

  1. Forensic Science

This involves the study of evidence-based research that is useful in solving crimes.

  1. Nutrition and Diet

This course involves a study that helps in improving the health of humans by following a proper diet.

  1. Biochemistry

Students learn about biological molecules, proteins, and lipids which when applied helps in the betterment of agriculture produce, nutrition, and treatment of various diseases.

  1. Microbiology

This involves extensive research and the study of micro-organisms and the diseases caused by them. It also helps to learn the use of these micro-organisms for the benefit of humans.

  1. Biotechnology Industry

This branch teaches various methods of manipulating different genes to create vaccines. It also helps in learning to reduce the genetic problems found in human beings.

  1. Diseases and Drugs

In this, the students are explained about the various viral and parasitic diseases and their way of attacking the human body. The students read case studies and do extensive research in genetics, drugs, and diseases.

  1. Bioinformatics

This course helps in learning the process of converting the data obtained from doing various experiments into computer languages like Perl and BLAST. They learn to interpret the data and to create a graph to analyze the result.

Career Opportunities and Jobs Options

There are many fields where biotechnology is applied. There are a wide variety of jobs from different fields. The main recruiters are:

  1. Research firms
  2. Hospitals
  3. Pharmaceuticals
  4. Food production firms
  5. Clinical research firms
  6. Laboratories
  7. Consultation agencies
  8. Chemical manufacturers
  9. Educational institutes
  10. Fertilizer manufacturers
  11. Soil biology
  12. Animal husbandry
  13. Cosmetics
  14. Ecology

Biotechnologists can work as:

  1. Biotechnology engineer
  2. Scientist
  3. Lab technician
  4. Project manager
  5. Teacher
  6. Microbiologists
  7. Epidemiologists
  8. Bioproduction Operators
  9. Biomanufacturing Specialists

Salary Structure

The salary of biotechnology professionals depends on factors like

  1. Institute from which graduation is done
  2. Specialization of the candidate
  3. Domain of expertise
  4. Job location

Depending on this, the annual salary ranges from Rs.3 to Rs.5 lacs. With the increase in experience, the salary increases exponentially.

Top firms who recruit Biotechnologists

  • Ranbaxy
  • Dr.Reddy’s Lab
  • Cipla
  • Biocon
  • Cadila Healthcare
  • Glaxosmithkline
  • Reliance Life Sciences

That is everything concerning B.Sc. Biotechnology Overview which I believe that you’ve had all the information you wanted.

If you still have any questions bothering you, do well to drop it in the comment section then I will attain it. You can also invite your friends to read by simply sharing it with them on their social media handles.

CSN Team.

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