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Turner Prize History, Regulations and Notable Winners
Turner Prize – The Turner Prize is named after the English painter J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851) who was an innovative and also a controversial artist in his day, he is now seen as one of the greatest British artists, and also expressed a wish to establish a prize for young artists.
Turner Contemporary is named after the artist for related reasons; their work is inspired by Turner’s innovative and radical approach to art. Turner prize is an annual prize presented to a British visual artist.
Between the year 1991 and the year 2016, only artists under the age of 50 were eligible (this restriction was canceled for the 2017 award).
Turner prize is one of the best-known prizes for visual arts in the creation.
Every other year, the prize leaves Tate Britain and is then presented at a venue outside London.
This article is all about Turner prize, and as you read on you will get to know lots of things which were unknown.
The Turner Prize
The prize was first awarded in the year 1984. It was founded by a group called the Patrons of New Art under the directorship of Alan Bowness.
They formed it to encourage a wider interest in contemporary art and also assist Tate in acquiring new works.
They felt that Britain should have its own award for visual arts, an equivalent to the Booker Prize.
Turner Prize is also an award given annually to a visual artist born in or based in Great Britain in recognition of an outstanding exhibition or other presentation of his/her works.
The Turner Prize is awarded to a British artist. ‘British’ can mean an artist working primarily in Britain or an artist born in Britain working globally.
The prize focuses on their recent developments in British art rather than a lifetime’s achievement.
Like earlier mentioned that Turner prize is considered the highest honor in the British art world.
Named for English Romantic painter J.M.W. Turner, the prize was established in 1984 by the Patrons of New Art, a group of donors associated with the Tate Gallery who sought to promote new developments in contemporary art.
In its early years, the prize was frequently criticized for its competitive selection process and up to six nominees were announced to a short list before one was chosen as the winner.
Critics also found its selection criteria unfocused. Originally, both up-and-coming and established artists and even art administrators and critics were eligible.
In the year 1991, the annual shortlist was limited to artists only and held to four nominees under age 50, chosen on the strength of an exhibition presented in the previous 12 months.
Recognizing that “up-and-coming” did not necessarily equate with youth, the Turner Prize lifted age limitations in the year 2017.
A five-person jury, chaired by the director of Tate Britain, determines both the shortlist and the winner.
Since its inception, the Turner Prize has captured the vivid interest of the British media and public, for whom the unveiling of the short list often occasions a fierce debate about the artists’ relative merits and sometimes about the very definition of art.
Much of the conversation revolves around a special exhibition of the nominees’ work, held originally at Tate Britain but from 2011 alternating yearly between that space and a gallery outside London.
However, the jurors’ final decision rests not on this work, as is widely believed, but on that for which the artists were originally nominated.
In the 1990s several members of the emerging Young British Artist movement, including Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin, sparked controversy for the provocative, often conceptually driven works they showcased at Tate.
The winner of the Turner Prize announced near the end of the year in a televised ceremony, receives £25,000, with the three other short-listed candidates receiving £5,000 each.
Turner Prize winners are provided in the table.
Notable winners have included Hirst, Gilbert & George, Richard Long, Anish Kapoor, Antony Gormley, Chris Ofili, Steve McQueen, Wolfgang Tillmans, Grayson Perry, and Richard Wright.
|1986||Gilbert & George|
These are some of the facts you need to know.
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