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School Factors Affecting Teaching and Learning English Language At Primary At Primary Level

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School Factors Affecting Teaching and Learning the English Language At Primary At Primary Level.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to investigate and find out the school factors that affect teaching and learning the English language at the primary level. The research also tries to explore the factors that constitute the students’ success or failure in studying English.

The research also attempted to know those things which students lack in school which caused them to have poor performance in English as well as how good and modern techniques of teaching contribute to the success of the students.

The research is design by using questionnaires and observation. However, 27 questionnaires were distributed in three different primary schools and were successfully returned.

The first section revealed the information about the learner’s age, sex, and tribe, etc.; while the second section, contain pupils’ responses based on their teachers’ activities and their environmental experience.

Finally, the research also presents recommendations and suggestions about the factors that affect teaching and learning English at the primary levels such as the use of instructional materials/aid, use of modern techniques/methodology of teaching and learning environment.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page ………………i

Approval page ………………………ii
Dedication ……………………iii
Acknowledgment…………….iv
Abstract ……………………………..v
Table contents………vi

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the study……………………………………………… 1
1.2 Purpose of the Study…….…………………………………………… 2
1.3 Objectives of the study………………………………………………… 2
1.4 Research Questions……………………………………………………… 3
1.5 Hypotheses………………………………………………………………….. 3
1.6 Significance of the study………………………………………………3
1.7Scope and delimitations……………………………………………….. 4
1.8 Definition of terms ……………………………………………………4

CHAPTER TWO REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.I Introduction…………………………………………………………………6
2.2 Use of instructional Materials/Aid………………………………. .6

2.3 Use of instructional Techniques/Method……………………. .7
2.4The Teaching and Learning Environment…………………….. 8

CHAPTER THREE RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction………. 10

3.2 Design of the study…………………………………………………… 10
3.3 Population of the study………………………………………………. 10
3.4 Sample and sampling techniques………………………………… 11
3.5 Instrumentation………………………………………………………….. 12
3.6 Administration and collection of Data………………………… 12
3.7 Method of Data Analysis ………………………………………….. 14

CHAPTER FOUR PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS, AND DISCUSSION

4.1 Introduction………………………………………………………………… 15
4.2 Presentation, Analysis, and Discussion of Data……………… 15
4.3 Summary of the findings……………………………………………… 21
4.4 Discussion…………………………………………………………………….. 22

CHAPTER FIVE SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Introduction………………………………………………………… 24
5.2 Summary……………..…………………………………………… …. 24
5.3 Conclusion(s)……………………………………………………. … 25
5.4 Recommendation………………………………………………… 26

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The English language was introduced in Nigeria in the earlier, 19th  century by British colonial masters.

English language as a second language in Nigeria has played a role in Nigeria which could be seen in education, government, business, commerce, media, and most of the internal and external communication. Above all, the English language has played the role of the language of political unity.

In recent research by Aduwa-Ogiegbaen(2006), English has been rated as the world’s most popular language which is characterized by active communication from one continent to another, especially by indigenous owners of the language.

Today, formal education in Nigeria has been taking place through the use of the English language as a medium of instruction, despite the importance of the English language; there are many factors that affect teaching and learning the English language over the years, particularly in northern Nigeria.

As result, many types of research have been done by researchers on those factors which affect teaching and learning the English language at the primary level. It is very important to emphasize here that the use of teaching materials/aid and use of instructional techniques/methods as well as the teaching and learning environment. Those factors have greatly affect teaching and learning the English language to the pupils of primary level.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Ellis, R &Tomlison, B. (1980) Teaching Secondary English: A guide to the teaching of English as a Second language, London: Longman Group limited.
Galliher, R. O’Neil, P; Park, M.B &Wummer, B.J. (1995) Preparing technical educators for interactive instructional technologies: A revisions of research and practice. Paper presented at the Annual American Vocational Association Convention, Denver, Co.
Kolawole, C. O (1998), linguistic inputs and three models of preparation as determinants of students’ achievement in Senior Secondary Schools essay writing. Unpublished Ph.D Dissertation, University of Ibadan.
Lasisi, M.J (1984) The effect of cultural context on reading comprehension. The Nigerian language 6, 17-23.
Malinowski, PA (1991). A writing course designed for development college students. New york: Community college of the Finger Lakes.
Odejide, B.A (1980). The use of model in the teaching of composition.West African Journal of Education, 17.

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