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Use of Instructional Materials and JSS Students Performance in Social Studies

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Use of Instructional Materials and JSS Students Performance in Social Studies.

ABSTRACT

The study examined the Use of Instructional Materials and JSS Students Performance in Social Studies in Uyo Local Government Area. To undertake the study four research questions and four null hypotheses were raised to guide the study. The study adopted Descriptive Survey Design. Simple sizes of 200 respondents were selected from the random sampling technique.

Data was collected using a structured questionnaire. The reliability coefficient of 2.81 was obtained using Cronbach alpha formula. Data collected was analyzed using an independent t-test statistical tool and tested at 0.05 level of significance.

The results of the findings revealed that there is the significant influence of instructional materials usage by male/female teachers, rural areas and students academic performance in Uyo Local Government Area. Based on the findings, it was recommended that government should provide instructional materials in all areas of the state and that teachers should utilize instructional materials when teaching social studies lessons.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page   —   —     —     —     —     —     —     —     —     i

Declaration  —    —   —     —     —     —     —     —     —     ii

Certification —   —   —     —     —     —     —     —     —     iii

Dedication —    —     —     —     —     —     —     —     —     iv

Acknowledgements   —     —     —     —     —     —     —     v

Abstract  —      —     —     —     —     —     —     —     —     vi

Table of Contents      —     —     —     —     —     —     —     vii

List of Tables    —     —     —     —     —     —     —     —     x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1.1   Background of the Study   —    —     —     —     —     1

1.2   Statement of the Problem  —     —     —     —     —     4

1.3   Purpose of the Study —     —     —     —     —     —     6

1.4   Research Questions   —     —     —     —     —     —     7

1.5   Hypotheses      —     —     —     —     —     —     —     7

  • Significance of the Study —     —     —     —     —     8

1.7   Delimitation of the Study  —      —     —     —     —     9

1.8   Limitation of the Study      —     —     —     —     —     10

1.9   Assumptions of the Study  —     —     —     —     —     10

1.10 Definition of Terms   —     —     —     —     —     —     11

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1   Transformative Learning Theory: Mezirow (1981)       —    12

2.2   Conceptual Framework      —     —     —     —     —     19

2.3   Empirical Framework —     —     —     —     —     —     30

2.4   Summary of Related Literature  —     —     —     —     31

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODS

3.1   Area of the Study      —     —     —     —     —     —     34

3.2   Design of the Study  —     —     —     —     —     —     36

3.4   Sample and Sampling Techniques  — —     —     —     36

3.3   Population of the Study     —     —     —     —     —     36

3.5   Instrumentation —    —     —     —     —     —     —     37

3.6   Validity of Instrument —    —     —     —     —     —     38

3.7   Reliability of Instrument — —     —     —     —     —     38

3.8   Data Collection Techniques —    —     —     —     —     39

3.9   Method of Data Analysis — —     —     —     —     —     39

CHAPTER FOUR: INTERPRETATION OF DATA AND DISCUSSION OF FINDINGS         

4.1   Discussion of Findings       —     —     —     —     —     54

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1   Summary of the Study      —     —     —     —     —     57

5.2   Conclusion —    —     —     —     —     —     —     —     58

5.3   Recommendations of the Study —     —     —     —     58

5.4   Suggestions for Further Study           —     —     —     60

REFERENCES    —     —     —     —     —     —     —     62

INTRODUCTION

Background of the Study

It is well known among educators that, the educational experiences involving the learner actively participating in concrete examples are retained longer than abstract experiences. Instructional materials add elements of reality by providing concrete examples to learning.

Many authors have written on the use of instructional materials both in teaching social studies and other related subjects in order to enhance teaching for desired social and behavioural change. These authors include; Mclunan (1964), Alaka (1978), Kochar (1986), Okafor (1988), Mkpa (1989), UNDP (1998), Koert (2000), Nwanna-Nzeunwa (2003) and Adekeye (2008).

More specially, it was emphasized in the work of these authors that the use of instructional materials is a sine qua non in affecting behaviour of learners of every field, especially social studies.

REFERENCES

Abdo, M. and Semela, T. (2010). Teachers of poor communities: The tale of instructional media in primary schools of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia, Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 35 (7), 78-92.

Adoyin, J. A. (2010). Instruction to educational technology, Johns Lord Publisher Ltd, Lagos.

Aduwa-Ogiegbaen, S. O. and Imogie, A. I. (2005). Instructional materials and technology in higher education, Ibadan, Stirling Hordon Punishers (Nig) Ltd.

Aina et. al (1982). Social Studies Books on Methodology, Evans Brothers (Nigeria Publishers) Limited Joricho Road, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Akubue, F. N. (1993). An Evaluation of the Teaching of Social Studies in Junior Secondary Schools, Enugu D. U. P.

Arisi R. O. (1998). The use of instructional materials by social studies teachers in secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. Journal of Social Studies, 1 (1), 76.

Bolick, C., Benson, M. M., Coutts, C. and Heinecke, W. (2003). Technology application in social studies teacher education. A survey of social studies methods. Contemporary Issues in technology and teacher education 3 (3). [Onune] available:http//.www.citejournal.org/vol3/Jss3/social studies/article/etm.

Bozimo, G. (2002). Social Studies theories and Perspectives. Onitsha. Outrite publishers.

Brunner, F. K. (1960). General Serial Systems. New Jersey, Rutgeis Univ. Press.

Buma, M. (1985). “Fashion out Local Teaching Tools”, in Daily Times, Novembers, 21.

Clark, L. M. (2009). Teaching tools teaching in secondary schools. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co. Inc.

Clark, L. II (1973). Teaching Social Studies in Secondary Schools: a Handbook New York: Macmillan Punishers.

Dubey, D. L. and Barth, J. I. (1980). Social Studies: The Inquiry Method Approach, Lagos: Nelson (Nig) Ltd.

Enem, F. O. (2001) “Teachers Possession of Competencies Required for Effective Teaching of Social Studies Curriculum in Enugu State”. An Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT) Enugu.

Ezegbe, M. O. (1994). Social Studies Curriculum and Instruction in Joof, G. W. and Amadi H. C. (Eds). Social Studies in Schools: teaching methods, techniques, approaches and perspectives. Onitsha, Nigeria, Outrite Publishers.

Fafunwa, B. E. (2011). History of education in Nigeria, London, George Allen and Union Ltd.

Ibe (2011); “How Nigeria teacher select interactional materials”. British Journal of Educational Technology. Vol. 19.

Kieffer, R. E. (1965). Audio-Visual Instruction. New York: The Centre for Applied Research in Education.

Kunle, A. (1988). “Selected Utilization and Evaluation of Instructional Media”. Fundamentals of Education Technology, Ibadan.

Liber, T. F. (2010). Aid for teaching and Learner London: George Allen Ibanga, E (2012). Instructional materials and educational outcomes secondary school books Ibadan: Nigeria.

Mkpa, M. A. (1996). “Community Resources in Junior Secondary School, Alternative in Resources Utilization” in Imogic (eds) Friends and Research in Educational Technology, Toadan Y-books.

Moneme, C. (1986). “Audio-visual Aids Make Teaching Interesting” in Daily Star, July 29

Nnolim, V. C. (1988). The Role of Creative Teachers in Production of locally made instructional materials and learning in Nigeria pre-primary and primary schools in Onyejemezi, D. (ed) Educational Technology in Nigerian Education. Onitsha: Summer Education Publishers (Nig) Ltd.

Nwizu, S. C. (1992). Effectiveness of Projected and non-projected Instructional Materials in the Learning of Economics. Unpublished M. Ed. Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.

Obi, T. E. C. (1992). Effect of Multi-media Approach on Students’ Achievement and Retention in Secondary Schools Economic in Enugu State. Unpublished Ph.D Thesis, University of Nigeria, Nsukka

CSN Team.

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